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Revista de otorrinolaringología y cirugía de cabeza y cuello

versión On-line ISSN 0718-4816

Resumen

KRAUSS M, Karin et al. Universal newborn hearing screening program: Experience over 10 years. Rev. Otorrinolaringol. Cir. Cabeza Cuello [online]. 2013, vol.73, n.2, pp.125-132. ISSN 0718-4816.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-48162013000200003.

Introduction: Efficient universal newborn hearing screening program (UNHSP) Implementation allows the inquest improvement of newborns with congenital hearing loss (CHL), facilitating an early intervention. Aim: To describe the results of the UNHSP carried out by the Department of Otorhinolaryngology of Clinica Las Condes. Material and method: Descriptive, retrospective study. We studied the program results and variables: sex, diagnosis age, birth age in weeks and risk factors associated with development CHL in newborns evaluated between May, 2001 and June, 2012. Results: 18.224 newborns were evaluated. 809 reproved this evaluation (4.43%). We diagnosed 70 CHL (56% males, 44% women), with an incidence estimated of 3-4 cases every 1.000 newborns. 54.3% corresponded to unilateral CHL and 45.7% bilateral, 90% of this CHL were slight to moderate. The presence of craniofacial anomalies was the main associate risk factor in 38,5% followed by a weight birth <1.500 gr. in a 10%. Discussion and conclusions: Is imperative the accomplishment of UNHSP to diagnose the population at risk of developing CHL and even more in those populations where the risk factors are concentrated.

Palabras clave : Newborn Hearing Screening; Congenital Hearing Loss; Hearing Screening.

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