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Revista de otorrinolaringología y cirugía de cabeza y cuello

versión On-line ISSN 0718-4816

Resumen

LOPEZ G, Maite et al. Viral etiology of sensorineural sudden deafness: Myth or reality?. Rev. Otorrinolaringol. Cir. Cabeza Cuello [online]. 2011, vol.71, n.3, pp.215-222. ISSN 0718-4816.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-48162011000300005.

Introduction: Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL) is a rare cause of hearing loss. Most are considered idiopathic and only 10-15% can discover an etiologic factor. Four pathophysiological theories have been proposed: viral, vascular, immunological and rupture of membranes. The viral etiology is controversial and there are reports with varying results. Aim: To investigate the viral etiology as a cause of HSNS and evaluate their presence in relation to the prognosis of hearing recovery. Material and method: descriptive, observational study of 24 months, patients with symptoms and exams compatible SSHL. Before treatment, nasopharyngeal aspirate was taken and then analyzed using Microarray. Results: Were enrolled 15 patients. In 9 was detected a respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and four of them simultaneously also other viruses (Bocavirus, Herpes VI and VII). There were no cases of Herpes Virus I and II. There were no evidence differences in auditory development in the group with samples positive for virus. Conclusions: The viral etiology of SSHL remains controversial. 60% of patients tested were positive, however, there was no Herpes virus I or II in the samples. RSV appears as a new agent involved, even when was out of regular season.

Palabras clave : Sudden hearing loss; etiology; virus; respiratory syncytial virus.

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