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Calidad en la educación

versão On-line ISSN 0718-4565

Resumo

MARQUES, Rodrigo et al. Physical education on the national high school examin Brazil: analysis of the questions from 2009-2017. Calidad en la educación [online]. 2020, n.53, pp.113-146. ISSN 0718-4565.  http://dx.doi.org/10.31619/caledu.n53.834.

Since 1998, a national assessment policy called the National High School Examination (ENEM) has been implemented in Brazil. In 2009, it underwent modifications that included the content of the exam questions related to Physical Education. The paper analyzes how Physical Education is addressed by the questions and what relationships are established with other areas of knowledge. It is characterized as a qualitative research of an exploratory nature and uses the documentary critical analysis as a methodology. The sources are: 49 questions related to Physical Education from nine editions of the test (2009 to 2017); the National Curricular Guidelines for High School; the Basic Document of ENEM, and the Reference Matrix of ENEM. The results demonstrate that the content of Physical Education is presented in the questions in two different ways: a) as a purpose, understood as the act of using them to achieve the objectives attributed to different body practices and; b) as a means of interacting with other areas of knowledge. The conclusions reveal that the attributed uses and meanings exceed its practicad dimension and reinforce the multidisciplinary character of Physical Education, interacting with the different areas of curricular knowledge in Brazil’s high schools.

Palavras-chave : Standardized assessments; ENEM; secondary education; Physical Education..

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