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Revista chilena de cirugía

versión On-line ISSN 0718-4026

Resumen

FUENZALIDA R, Rosario et al. Prophylactic surgery in hereditary medullary thyroid cancer. Rev Chil Cir [online]. 2017, vol.69, n.3, pp.268-272. ISSN 0718-4026.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rchic.2016.11.002.

Introduction: Approximately 5-10% of global cancer has a genetic base. Nowadays it is possible to identify those who have a genetic predisposition for some cancers, so they can be treated in short term. Objectives: Evaluate how useful is prophylactic surgery on hereditary Medullary Thyroid Cancer. Materials and methods: This investigation is a literature review of different research papers from electronic databases such as Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), MedLine-PubMed and UpToDate. The research was made with clinical queries and MeSH terms, specially focused on hereditary Medullary Thyroid Cancer. Results: This research shows that prophylactic Thyroidectomy with cervical lymph node resection is the only effective and curative treatment for hereditary Medullary Thyroid Cancer. Conclusions: Prophylactic surgery has proof an important role decreasing the risk on Hereditary Thyroid cancer Syndrome and in RET carriers surgery is considered a must.

Palabras clave : Thyroid; Cancer; Thyroidectomy.

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