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Revista chilena de cirugía

versión On-line ISSN 0718-4026

Resumen

ELGUETA, Francisca  y  REYES, Fernando. Pillars in the blood conservation. Rev Chil Cir [online]. 2016, vol.68, n.3, pp.265-272. ISSN 0718-4026.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rchic.2015.08.001.

Allogeneic blood transfusions have played a central role in the development of medicine, mainly as a support therapy in critically ill patients, major surgery, trauma and hematopoietic disorders. However, their use is not without significant adverse effects and associated high costs. Moreover, blood products are a limited resource that should not be wasted. Furthermore, surgery in patients who refuse the use of blood products has shown equal or better results than patients who accept transfusions. This has led to seek an appropriate blood management in all our patients, avoiding unnecessary costs and risks of transfusions, but allowing them when they believe the benefits outweigh the risks. In this paper three essential pillars are presented. The first is the appropriate diagnosis and management of pre-operative anaemia decreasing perioperative risk, since anaemia itself is a factor of morbidity and mortality. The second pillar is formed by various techniques that are available today to minimize bleeding perioperative. Finally, the third pillar is to improve tolerance to anaemia. The joint use of various techniques described in this paper has proven effective in decreasing perioperative bleeding, the need for allogeneic transfusions and blood units used, which may allow better clinical outcomes in our patients.

Palabras clave : Anaemia; Blood component transfusion; Blood conservation strategies; Haemorrhage.

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