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Revista chilena de cirugía

versión On-line ISSN 0718-4026

Resumen

RAMIREZ M, Alejandro E et al. Induction of tolerance in allogeneic transplant model. Rev Chil Cir [online]. 2015, vol.67, n.5, pp.486-492. ISSN 0718-4026.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-40262015000500005.

Introduction: Vascularized composite allotransplantation (VCA) involves the transplantation of complex anatomical structures including different kinds of tissue. The aim was to study the effect of a treatment with immature dendritic cells in a model of VCA. Materials and Methods: The rat hind limb allotransplantation model was used. Due to the high antigenic mistmatch Brown Norway rats were used as donors and Lewis rats as recipients. The bone marrow derived immature dendritic cells were cultured under GM-CSF stimuli and donor tissue. The rejection grade and the survival of the graft were assessed. Experimental groups: group I (n = 3): no treatment; Group II (n = 6): tacrolimus 10 mg/kg one day before the transplantation (day -1); Group III (n = 3): tacrolimus 10 mg/kg on day -1 and 6 mg/kg from day 0 to 14, plus intravenous saline infusion on days 7 and 14; Group IV (n = 3): tacrolimus 10 mg/kg on day -1 and 6 mg/kg from day 0 to 14, plus intravenous immature dendritic cells on days 7 and 14. Results: All 15 allografts developed rejection. The mean allograft survival was 14 days in group I, 15 days in group II, 34 days in group III and 58 days in groups IV (p < 0.05). Conclusions: In the rat hind limb allotransplantation model under tacrolimus monotherapy, the treatment with immature bone marrow derived dendritic cells pulsed with alloantigens increases the survival of the graft.

Palabras clave : Allotransplantation; rejection; induction; dendritic cells; alloantigens.

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