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Revista chilena de cirugía

On-line version ISSN 0718-4026

Abstract

GONZALEZ-TORRES, CARLOS et al. Peritoneal adhesions prevention. Neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist. Rev Chil Cir [online]. 2010, vol.62, n.4, pp.369-376. ISSN 0718-4026.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-40262010000400008.

Background: The fibrinolytic activity plays an important role in Peritoneal Adhesions (PA) develop-ment. It's well known that de substance P decreased the fibrinolysis by binding the neurokinin-1 receptor, improving the PA formation. Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness of intraperitoneal treatment with a Neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist (NK-R1A) in peritoneal adhesión prevention in animal model. Materials and Methods: In 40 male wistar rats, PA were induced, and then randomly assigned to 2 groups: A group treated with Aprepitant (NK-Rl A), and a control group. The animals were killed at 7 or 14 postoperative day, and the number, severity and histopathology of PA were evaluated. Results: NK-Rl A decreased the number (40% less) and severity (p = 0.001) of PA when compare to control group. The NK-Rl A group had less PA in manipulated and no manipulated organs during surgery. Besides presented less fibrosis (p = 0.001), less inflamation (p = 0.005) and less vascular proliferation (p = 0.047) than control group. Conclusions: The NK-Rl A is effective as in PA prevention.

Keywords : Peritoneal adhesions; Neurokinin 1 receptor antagonist; Substance P.

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