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Revista chilena de cirugía

versión On-line ISSN 0718-4026

Resumen

EULUFI M, ALEX et al. Cold injuries in ten years . Rev Chil Cir [online]. 2006, vol.58, n.5, pp.336-340. ISSN 0718-4026.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-40262006000500005.

Background: Cold injuries are usually caused by gases or liquids at very low temperatures or by exposure to extremely cold environments. Aim: To review the experience with cold injuries. Material and methods: Retrospective review of medical records of 10 patients admitted to Hospital del Trabajador with cold injuries, between 1993 and 2003. Results: All patients were male and their ages ranged between 17 and 68 years. Nine patients were injured by cold gases or liquids and one patient was exposed to an environmental temperature of -25 ºC. Three had solely type A burns, one had A/AB burns, three had AB/B burns and one, B burns. The mean injured body surface area was 1.6%. In all, lesions were restricted to the hands and only one had involvement of the forearms. Mean hospital stay was 9 days, excluding one patient that was transferred to United States on the first day of admission. Four patients required surgery and were subjected to a mean of 3.5 interventions. One patient required finger amputation and two had functional sequelae at the end of treatment. Conclusions: The objectives of the treatment of cold injuries should be to prevent sequelae, avoid amputations and obtain a rapid healing of lesions

Palabras clave : Frostbite; cold injuries; burns.

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