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International journal of odontostomatology

versión On-line ISSN 0718-381X

Resumen

RAPOSO, Araceli et al. Descriptive Study of the Surgeries and Hospitalizations in Maxillofacial Surgery During the Pandemic in Chile. Barros Luco Trudeau Hospital Experience. Int. J. Odontostomat. [online]. 2021, vol.15, n.1, pp.71-76. ISSN 0718-381X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-381X2021000100071.

Since the appearance of SARS-CoV-2, the suspension of all elective surgery has been established in most of the countries affected by this pandemic, focusing only on emergency. There are several studies that mention the necessary recommendations, however, until now there is little evidence of the amount and type of surgeries performed by the different Maxillofacial Surgery services. The objective of this study is to present the epidemiology of the patients treated by the maxillofacial surgery team at the Barros Luco Trudeau Hospital of Santiago, Chile. Material and method: A cross-sectional study was carried out between April and August 2020, of all the patients treated by the Maxillofacial Surgery unit of the Hospital. Epidemiological data were analyzed as well as the type of pathology, the etiology, days of hospital stay and days of waiting for surgery. Results: The sample consisted of 41 patients, 20 % women and 80 % men. The age range was from 17 to 92 years, with an average of 40.39 years (SD 17.67). At diagnosis, 61 % corresponded to traumatic pathology and 39 % to infectious pathology. The most frequent trauma was the parasymphyseal mandibular fracture (23 %) and the most frequent infection, infection secondary to cysts and tumors (25 %). Despite the pandemic period with the restrictions associated with quarantine, the sample behaves similar to previously reported studies, both in the distribution by sex and age, as well as in the type of trauma.

Palabras clave : COVID-19; SARS- CoV-2; oral and maxillofacial surgery; epidemiology; maxillofacial injuries; Infection.

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