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International journal of odontostomatology

versión On-line ISSN 0718-381X


MOLINA-AVILA, Ignacio Javier et al. Mucocutaneous Leishmaniasis with Oral Manifestation: Case Report. Int. J. Odontostomat. [online]. 2020, vol.14, n.3, pp.342-347. ISSN 0718-381X.

Leishmaniasis is a group of vector-borne diseases caused by Leishmania, an intracellular parasite, which occurs preferentially in tropical and subtropical regions. It manifests itself through a wide range of clinical forms such as cutaneous, mucocutaneous, and visceral, depending on the species and the patient's immune response. We present a case of a 35-year-old man who was referred to the Stomatology Unit of the Señor del Milagro Hospital, Salta, Argentina, presenting in the oral cavity lesion, granulomatous, ulcerated, painful on palpation, unique, soft palate with three months of evolution. Serological, parasitological and PCR studies were performed. Lysed ELISAs, PCRs and cultures of lesion materials were positive, confirming diagnosis of mucocutaneous leishmaniasis. The patient was referred to the Dermatology Service where he received treatment with Meglumine Antimony, with favorable clinical response. The knowledge of the oral manifestations can lead to the clinical diagnosis of mucocutaneous leishmaniasis by the dentist, being able to provide timely treatment and at the same time help the patient, avoiding complications of this disease.

Palabras clave : mucocutaneous leishmaniasis; tegumentary leishmaniasis; spundia.

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