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International journal of odontostomatology

On-line version ISSN 0718-381X

Abstract

SIMANCAS-PALLARES, Miguel; AREVALO-TOVAR, Luisa  and  MARINCOLA, Mauro. Focal Osteoporotic Bone Marrow Defects on Dental Implant Treated Patients: A 5-Year Period Prevalence Study. Int. J. Odontostomat. [online]. 2016, vol.10, n.1, pp.23-28. ISSN 0718-381X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-381X2016000100005.

Dental implants are considered the most effective treatment for teeth absence. Nevertheless, there are some bone conditions that could affect the osseointegration process, thus affecting the clinical and radiographic success rates. One of these conditions could be the Focal Osteoporotic Bone Marrow Defects. The objective of this study was to describe the 5-year period prevalence of Focal Osteoporotic Bone Marrow Defects (FOBMD) on dental implant treated patients. descriptive retrospective study was conducted. We systematically reviewed the clinical and radiographic data of treated patients in a Dental Implant Unit since January 2010 through December 2014. Once a FOBMD case was found, a detailed questionnaire was applied to the chart looking for demographic, medical and dental characteristics (clinical and radiographic). Also in a sub-sample histological analysis was carried out. Period prevalence (PP) was estimated calculating proportions and 95 % confidence intervals. Statistical analysis was performed using Stata v. 13.2 for Windows (Stata Corp., TX., USA). FOBMD 5-yPP was 9.52 % (CI 95 %: 6.87­13.5 %). We found 42 defects in 34 patients. Within the FOBMD patients, average age was 55.4±11.9 years, 67.64 % being females. Ninety-seven percent of the defects were located in the lower jaw, 79.41 % unilateral, 69.04 % single missed teeth lesions, 71.42 % affecting molar area and 59.52 % located on the right side of the maxillae. Histological analysis revealed inflammatory cells, dystrophic calcifications, hemorrhagic material and fatty cells for all the cases. FOBMD prevalence is low, so it should be considered as a rare condition but showing an exponential growing trend over the time. With no previous epidemiological data, these findings should be considered as a caution during x-ray examinations and treatment planning, in order to avoid surgical or prosthetic complications. Local factors as previous root canal treatments should be considered when elucidating reasons for its appearance.

Keywords : dental implants; osseointegration; bone marrow diseases; oral surgical procedures.

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