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International journal of odontostomatology

versión On-line ISSN 0718-381X


HERNANDEZ VIGUERAS, Scarlette et al. Viruses in Endodontics. Int. J. Odontostomat. [online]. 2014, vol.8, n.2, pp.211-214. ISSN 0718-381X.

Endodontic infection is an infection of the root canal system and undoubtedly is the main etiological agent of apical periodontitis. In recent years, research has aimed to associate the presence of virus and endodontic bacterial pathogens in the different types of endodontic disease. The most common viruses that have been researched and associated are members of the herpesvirus family, which are mainly present in periapical pathologies. Furthermore, research has been carried out relating their presence to pathologies with important symptoms, or those where radiographic imaging shows extensive apical bone reabsorption. The role of viruses in apical lesions of endodontic origin are still unclear, it hypothesizes the cumulative effect with bacteria, in addition to possible local immunosuppression that favors the growth and the effect of bacteria.

Palabras clave : Herpes virus; human papillomavirus; human cytomegalovirus; Epstein-barr virus; apical periodontitis; endodontic infection; endodontic.

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