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International journal of odontostomatology

On-line version ISSN 0718-381X

Abstract

HUENTEQUEO-MOLINA, Claudio; NAVARRO, Pablo  and  OLATE, Sergio. Body Mass Index Influence in Facial Pattern of Young Women: Preliminary Results. Int. J. Odontostomat. [online]. 2013, vol.7, n.3, pp.407-414. ISSN 0718-381X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-381X2013000300012.

The position and volume of the face soft-tissue yield the necessity of a precise plan at the facial surgery time; the influence of the adipose tissue on these characteristics can be present. The aim of this study is to identify the volumetric and non-volumetric measures of anthropometrics facial points and his relationship with the Body Mass Index (BMI). It was been analyzed 29 female subjects between 20 and 25 years old (mean 22.5 years). It was include subjects with self-perception of facial normalcy and without conditions associated to trauma, facial surgery or orthodontic treatment. It was made a sequence of facial analysis measuring with a thread over the face and a caliper the same points, studying distances between anthropometrics points previous define. Previously, it was made a study of the weight and size of the subjects, through standards conditions. At the third stage it was made lateral radiographs to identify the soft tissue present at the superior and inferior lip region, point A, point B and Pogonion. The data analysis was made with the t test of relationship samples, considering a p value 0.05; the statistics analysis ANOVA was used to define the influence of the BMI over the variables. The weight registered a mean of 57.7 kg (±8,3 kg) and the size performed a mean of 1.6 m.; the BMI acquired was 22.5, registering, being 2 subjects considerate inferior to the normal weight, 6 overweight and 1 obesity. It was seem that the volumetric variables were different to volumetric variables of the face and they were associated significantly with the IMC. The IMC didn´t show positive relationship with the measures made on the laterals radiographies; finally, the BMI, as well, did not associate to the self-perception of facial aesthetic (p=0.069). It is possible to conclude that the BMI influence the measures obtained on the face and did not influence on the register made over the laterals radiographs.

Keywords : Body mass index; Facial esthetic; facial surgery.

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