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Revista chilena de derecho

versión On-line ISSN 0718-3437

Resumen

MORALES PEILLARD, Ana María  y  SALINERO ECHEVERRIA, Sebastián. CRIMINAL JUSTICE POLICY FOUNDATIONS AND LEGAL NATURE OF ALTERNATIVE PUNISHMENTS IN CHILE. Rev. chil. derecho [online]. 2020, vol.47, n.2, pp.513-541. ISSN 0718-3437.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-34372020000200513.

The article analyzes the criminal justice policy foundations and the legal nature of the alternatives to imprisonment in Chile, by exploring the original legitimization arguments based on the special preventive ineffectiveness of prison sentences -especially those of short duration-; to current discourses based on contemporary criminal justice models, which aim to legitimize alternatives as sanctions with rehabilitative content, which allow rationalizing the use of prison, and convey censure, constituting punitive consequences suitable for crimes of medium to less gravity. This has necessarily gone in hand with substantial changes in its legal nature, moving from those initial foundations based on forgiveness, to the present, which seeks to recognize them the nature of punishment.

Palabras clave : justice policy in Chile; Legal nature; Alternative penalties; Substitute penalties; Law No. 20.603.

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