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Revista chilena de derecho

versión On-line ISSN 0718-3437

Resumen

ROJAS AGUIRRE, Luis Emilio. FORGERY AS CRIME OF DECEIT. Rev. chil. derecho [online]. 2014, vol.41, n.2, pp.523-554. ISSN 0718-3437.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-34372014000200006.

Criminal offences referred in articles 193, 194 and 197 of Criminal Code apply when forgery is committed on a public or private document. This fact explains why legal scholars study forgery analyzing the concept of both kinds of documents separately. But this approach forgets that those offences describe the criminal conduct in the same way, that is, "to commit forgery in a document". This work is an attempt to ascertain the sense of this sentence through the question what does committing forgery in a document means? I think it is impossible to answer this question without an understanding of the concept of document, which is the main focus of the reflections that follows. The theory of the forgery becomes, thus, a theory of the document. In this sense, the paper is a contribution to the later from a functionalist approach, that is, one that analyzes the concept of document, studying previously the function it has in the legal environment.

Palabras clave : Forgery; document; unlawfulness.

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