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Idesia (Arica)

versão On-line ISSN 0718-3429

Resumo

MANCILLA VILLA, Oscar Raúl et al. Profitability in maize (Zea mays L.) and chile (Capsicum annuum L.) with conventional and alternative management in Autlán, Jalisco. Idesia [online]. 2020, vol.38, n.3, pp.33-42. ISSN 0718-3429.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-34292020000300033.

The corn and chile jalapeño crops in Mexico are essential, culturally, and economically. The production of corn and chile jalapeño is the main economic source for many peasants in the country. Many producers develop conventional agriculture to carry out the production of their crops; these practices are based on the use of chemical inputs for fertilization and pest control. Therefore they need massive investments to be able to produce; in another context, some producers implement an alternative management of production, that is to say, they use organic fertilizers to improve the fertility of the soils of their crop fields and also make use of some chemical products from the market to complete the fertilization required by the crops. In this sense, the present investigation was carried out, with visits to fields with corn and chile crops in the Autlán de Navarro agricultural valley, Jalisco, each with two managements (alternative and conventional) with three probabilistic samplings directed for each handling. The analysis of Net Present Value (NPV), the benefit/cost ratio (B/C), and the Internal Rate of Return (IRR) were implemented. These three parame-ters were interpreted as obtaining higher productivity and profitability in alternative management with a better relationship cost/ benefit and lower investment.

Palavras-chave : agriculture; benefit; cost; economy; organic.

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