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Idesia (Arica)

On-line version ISSN 0718-3429

Abstract

SCOPINICH-CISTERNAS, Juan  and  STRAHSBURGER, Erwin. The goat farming management for arid and desert zones: a technical approach to produce high quality milk during all the year. Idesia [online]. 2020, vol.38, n.1, pp.119-125. ISSN 0718-3429.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-34292020000100119.

The maximum milk yield of dairy goats depends of its genetics and managements procedures. If dairy goats come from Template or Mediterranean weather and are introduced in a similar environment, their managements seem not so relevant, being highly produc tive even including the grazing goats. Meanwhile, if these dairy goats are introduced in a desert and arid zones, probably they will be not well adapted to this new environment and their milk production will be more dependents of their management procedures. Therefore, considering a desert zones as a general stress factor in goat farming, in this review we analyzed and discuss diverse managements procedures related with goat milk production, like control of mating season, prolificacy, length of lactation period and maturity of doe at time of first lactation, to suggest a general managements procedures of goat farming to produce goat milk with economic interest. Following the present managements proposal, would be possible to produce high quality goat milk during all the year and if goat type is well adapted to arid or desert zones, the goat rancher will obtain economic earns from this activity.

Keywords : Saanen; Creole; Casein; Lactation; Mating; Photoperiod.

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