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Idesia (Arica)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-3429

Resumen

PUELLO, Dorcas Li; ARMENTEROS, Yoandris Socarras  y  MENDEZ, Alberto López. Characterization of the system of safety of seeds in the Cruces's municipality. Idesia [online]. 2017, vol.35, n.3, pp.51-60. ISSN 0718-3429.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-34292017005000403.

The world constantly needs to increase the crop production and to create new and better adapted varieties to face environmental and biological factors or to satisfy the demands of the local communities. The main purpose of this paper is to improve the work that is being carried out in this respect in Cuba, proposing a strategy that allows an increase in the production of the phytogenetic resources so as to guarantee a better food safety in the municipality. The diagnosis was carried out taking into account the meth-odological guidelines for the safety of seeds elaborated by the USC of Canada and using a random sample of 38 private farms from different district councils of the municipality. The main results show that there is diversity of seeds in the local private system; however, the formal system doesn't guarantee diversity, availability and quality. It also revealed that diverse storage methods are applied for the conservation of seeds, and that most of the farmers do notproduce the seed in an isolated safe way with the required culture for this type of production. On the other hand, the diagnosis also revealed that there is low participation of women and young people in agricultural activities and in the taking of decisions related with the production of seeds. As a result, a system of interventions for the improvement of safer seed productions for the local agriculture was elaborated.

Palabras clave : diversity; availability; intervention; quality; phytogenetic.

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