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Idesia (Arica)

On-line version ISSN 0718-3429


ALLAMEH, Alireza  and  REZA ALIZADEH, Mohammad. Specific cutting energy variations under different rice stem cultivars and blade parameters. Idesia [online]. 2016, vol.34, n.5, pp.11-17.  Epub Oct 30, 2016. ISSN 0718-3429.

Cutting energy requirement for rice stem is a momentous touchstone in design or optimization of cutting mechanism on harvesting machines. Various parameters such as physical and mechanical properties of a plant stem and blade shearing components are effective on the cutting energy requirement. Specifying these parameters and their impacts on the cutting energy would be especially important in the assessment of each cutting mechanism efficiency and total energy utilization. In this study, using a test-rig pendulum displacement cutting apparatus, specific cutting energy for single stem cutting of rice stem was identified. The experiments were analyzed in a factorial arrangement laid out in a completely randomized design (CRD) with three replications in order to examine the effects of rice cultivars (at four levels: Hashemi, Ali Kazemi, Fajr, and Khazar), cutting angle (at three levels: 25, 30, and 35 degrees), blade bevel angle (at four levels: 25, 30, 35, and 40 degrees), and blade speed (at three levels: 1.5, 2.0, and 2.5 m s-1) on the specific cutting energy for rice stem. The results revealed that rice cultivar and blade velocity had significant effects (P<0.01) on the specific cutting energy. There were significant differences among cultivars in the view of specific cutting energy so that the highest and lowest values belonged to Hashemi (29.29 kJ m-2) and Khazar (16.81 kJ m-2), respectively. When blade velocity increased from 1.5 m s-1 to 2.5 m s-1, specific cutting energy raised about 77 %. Blade cutting and bevel angles were not solely influential on the specific cutting energy but they interacted with rice cultivar and impacted it. Optimum specific cutting energy obtained at cutting and blade bevel angles of 30 and 30 degrees, respectively.

Keywords : specific cutting energy; rice stem; cutting angle; bevel angle.

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