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Idesia (Arica)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-3429

Resumen

GARCIA GARCIA, Marta; RIOS OSORIO, Leonardo Alberto  y  ALVAREZ DEL CASTILLO, Javier. Pollination in agricultural systems: a systematic literature review. Idesia [online]. 2016, vol.34, n.3, pp.53-68. ISSN 0718-3429.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-34292016000300008.

Pollination is an essential processfor the correct performance ofecosystems andfood production, and has been extremely affected by human activities; understanding this process has been the subject of an increasing number of studies. The purpose of this work is to describe the key functions ofpollinators and their effects through a systematic review of the scientific literature of the last ten years. Methodology used consisted of a comprehensive search for original papers in five different databases, filtering these results by inclusion and exclusion criteria, and then adding grey literature. The results of the revision suggest a tendency towards similar investigation subjects, similar methodologies, and similar study locations, as well as a predominant study of the bee and bumblebee-type ofpollinators. They also show a recurrent analysis of the pollination process: studying it from the point of view of niche complementarity, circadian rhythm activities and pollinator-plant relationships, and using measures such as foraging abundance, interespecific influence, pollen deposition orfruit and seed set. Furthermore, we have observed an increased concern regarding the effects of different agricultural techniques on the pollination process and regarding the need to implement adequate conservation measures. We conclude that it's still necessary to continue investigating within this researchfield to achieve a deeper understanding of the situation.

Palabras clave : pollinators; effect,function; agricultural ecosystems.

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