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Idesia (Arica)

versão On-line ISSN 0718-3429

Resumo

BERNAL-ALZATE, José et al. Grafting vegetables as alternative for increase yields on green beans (Phaseoulus vulgaris L.). Idesia [online]. 2016, vol.34, n.2, pp.43-46.  Epub 03-Fev-2016. ISSN 0718-3429.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-34292016005000006.

The green beans are part of the basic diet in Latin America; however, his yield is slowed down by several factors and the growers demands new alternatives for diseases management and increase yields ofvarieties. The aim of this work was to evaluate the yield of two green beans cultivars grafted onto two varieties of runner bean (Phaseolus coccineous) rootstocks. The grafting was spliced side type and the success of the procedure was observed at 20th day. At 7, 21 and 56 days after transplantation plant height was measured. At harvest, pod number, pod length and yield per plant was measured. The percentage of surviving results showed an early compatibility in most treatments except treatment FXO, provided that no response to the graft. Grafted treatments increased 67.9% in length of the plants compared with non-grafted plants,fruit size and yield also increased by 50% and 100% respectively. The green bean grafted onto runner bean represents an alternative to improve the yield and quality offruit.

Palavras-chave : Phaseolus coccineus; grafting vegetables; yields.

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