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Revista de geografía Norte Grande

versão On-line ISSN 0718-3402

Resumo

VILCHIS-MATA, Iván; GARROCHO-RANGEL, Carlos  e  CHAVEZ-SOTO, Tania. Dynamics of employment in sectors of intensive use of knowledge in the Megalopolis of the Valley of Mexico, 2014-2018. Rev. geogr. Norte Gd. [online]. 2021, n.79, pp.229-251. ISSN 0718-3402.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-34022021000200229.

Qualified human capital is key to the progress of cities. The objective of this work is to answer the following questions: how much, where, in which sectors, when, and why did employment change in knowledge-intensive sectors (KIS) in the Megalopolitan Region of the Valley of Mexico, its main cities, and in its municipalities? This Megalopolis is the main engine of national development. It is necessary to understand the dynamics of the Megalopolitan KIS employment, to take advantage of its positive effects, and prevent negative ones. The analysis period is 2014-2018: it covers the last section of the Free Trade Agreement between Mexico, the United States, and Canada, before the modifications negotiated in 2019, and almost a whole period of the federal government. The method is Spatial-Shift Share Analysis (SSS). It was possible to identify ascending territories, and others in dramatic decline. We translate the SSS concepts into causes of employment change, measure the changes at three spatial scales (megalopolitan, metropolitan and micro-spaces), and linked the changes to specific companies and products, in particular territories and sectors.

Palavras-chave : Qualified human capital; knowledge intensive sectors; Spatial Shift-Share analysis.

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