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Política criminal

versión On-line ISSN 0718-3399

Resumen

MORALES PEILLARD, Ana María. Vigilancia en la modernidad tardía: El monitoreo telemático de infractores. Polít. crim. [online]. 2013, vol.8, n.16, pp.408-471. ISSN 0718-3399.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-33992013000200003.

This article seeks to provide background for a discussion of what can be expected with the implementation of electronic monitoring in Chile. For that purpose a general review regarding electronic monitoring is carried out, beginning with the origins of its implementation in other legislations, analyzing their main features and applications in the penal system. In addition, there is a brief review of its regulation under the Law N°20.603. Along with the above, and as its main purpose, the article also seeks to systematize some questions relating to the achievement of the objectives outlined in the implementation of electronic monitoring, together with addressing some debates that have arisen concerning international experiences in its use. Thus, it seeks to provide answers based on the evaluations and research to date, mainly pointing to understand the utility of electronic monitoring in relation to the objectives associated with the reduction of prison population, to deliver a cost-effective alternative to imprisonment or to other programs in the community, and the reduction of recidivism of the persons subject to it. Also, an analysis is carried out regarding the application of this control mechanism for certain offenses and offenders, the effects on offenders and their families, the affectation of the constitutional guarantee of privacy and other rights, and the promotion of a surveillance society.

Palabras clave : Telematic monitoring; telematic control; electronic monitoring; intermediate sanctions; substitutive sanctions; Law 20.603.

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