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Ingeniare. Revista chilena de ingeniería

versión On-line ISSN 0718-3305

Resumen

PEREZ-RAVE, Jorge; CORREA MORALES, Juan Carlos  y  GONZALEZ ECHAVARRIA, Favián. Methodology to explore open data of road crashes using Data Science: Case Medellín. Ingeniare. Rev. chil. ing. [online]. 2019, vol.27, n.3, pp.495-509. ISSN 0718-3305.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-33052019000300495.

Road crashes is a serious public health problem in the world. The study of open data on this subject can stimulate more timely and informed decisions. The objective is to propose a methodology to study open data on road accident (Medellín case) using Data Science, considering from the planning of the study to the web visualization. The methodology consists of four macroprocesses: 1. Planning, 2. Data preparation, 3. Automatic analysis and 4. Data visualization (web application). These consist of one or more stages, disaggregated into 15 sub-stages with univariate, bivariate and multivariate scopes. Macroprocesses 2-4 were automated in R language. As a result, the analyst can become familiar with the topic (descriptive), explore relationships between variables, locate events, induce patterns of grouping and identify some factors associated with the events of accidents. All these, combining variables for a more detailed segmentation. The case study also has value for other areas, since road accidents generate greater effects in developing countries, which is attracting the interest of researchers.

Palabras clave : Road crashes; data science; web visualization; analysis methodology; R programming.

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