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Obras y proyectos

versión On-line ISSN 0718-2813

Resumen

TOLEDO, Sofia  y  MUNOZ, Enrique. Environmental flow determination for the River Ñuble considering leisure activities and fish habitat requirements. Obras y Proyectos [online]. 2018, n.24, pp.71-81. ISSN 0718-2813.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0718-28132018000200071.

Hydropower development causes modifications in hydrological patterns in rivers, altering aquatic ecosystems and the activities that are typically carried out there. To avoid direct alterations to rivers, it is necessary to maintain a minimum flow (ecological flow); however, it is also necessary to minimize effects on the natural functioning of the river, its ecosystem services and the activities that are engaged in there. The environmental flow, which incorporates morphological and human-use aspects, is defined based on this foundation. In this study, the environmental flow for a section of the Ñuble River is analysed and calculated, not only considering aspects such as hydrology and biota, but also including human activities that have traditionally taken place there (rafting and kayaking). SEA (2016) was used to calculate the environmental flow regime. Ecological and human components were analysed with CASIMIR software using information published in the SEA and obtained through interviews with river users. As a result, it was found that by following only the recommendations of SEA (2016), activities traditionally carried out in the river (tourism) will be altered. In addition, if the need for flows for tourism is included and quantified, the environmental flow should be greater than the flow estimated considering only regulations regarding hydrology and the functioning of the ichthyofauna present in the river.

Palabras clave : hydrobiological modelling; ecologic characterisation; environmental flow.

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