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Obras y proyectos

versión On-line ISSN 0718-2813

Resumen

PASTEN, Mario  y  SALAZAR, Iván. Experimental study of the basal excitation and saturation degree effect on the pore pressure underneath an earth dam. Obras y Proyectos [online]. 2018, n.24, pp.53-61. ISSN 0718-2813.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0718-28132018000200053.

The pore pressure variation and the degree of saturation in a transient regime under an earth dam structure containing liquid are investigated, when subjected to basal dynamic excitations. A scaled physical model (1:200) of an earth dam is built. Frequency ranges between 3 and 10 Hz, in the vertical and the horizontal direction are used. Sine, cosine and triangular functions are used to represent the basal excitation of the structure. The experimental control process is carried out with the continuous measurement of the pore pressure along with a general hydrological balance, which allows controlling not only the infiltration capacity of the system but also the internal storage of water and effluent flow. Results of pore pressure represent piezometric level magnitudes. It was found that larger pore pressure values occur with the increase of the medium degree of saturation and low excitation frequencies. Also permanent changes in pore pressure due to surcharges and suction produced in the dam-foundation soil interface are observed, as a consequence of the imposed ground excitations.

Palabras clave : earth dam; pore pressure; degree of saturation; excitation frequency; seepage.

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