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Obras y proyectos

versión On-line ISSN 0718-2813

Resumen

GONZALEZ, Maribell; VILLALOBOS, Felipe; MENDEZ, Alejandro  y  CARRILLO, Pablo. Study of the static and seismic performance of a geogrid reinforced soil wall as bridge abutment in Concepción. Obras y Proyectos [online]. 2018, n.24, pp.41-52. ISSN 0718-2813.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0718-28132018000200041.

The 27th February 2010 earthquake in central and south of Chile was a very strong test for recently constructed geosynthetics reinforced soil wall solutions as bridge abutments. This 8.8 moment magnitude subduction earthquake caused severe damage to several traditional reinforced concrete walls for bridge abutments. However, no significant damage was found in relatively new geosynthetics reinforced solutions. For that reason, it is important to review the design and construction employed in these projects. To this end, a representative case located close to the epicentre is described and studied. Moreover, information is provided regarding the foundation soils, design and construction sequence of the geosynthetics reinforcement used for bridge abutments. The foundation soils were poor, corresponding mainly to marine and fluvial deposits close to the stream and mouth of the Andalién River. The analysis covers the verification of static and seismic external and internal stability. In addition, global static and seismic analyses are carried out. The methods used for the analyses are limit equilibrium and pseudo-static following recommendations of the FHWA. Results show that the design was adequate to cope with such a strong seismic event in terms of external and internal stability. Nevertheless, it was found that the inclusion of piles prevented a global seismic failure of the geogrid reinforced soil walls as bridge abutment. Final comments and remarks are presented related to design and construction which may explain the favourable performance of geosynthetics reinforced structures under this strong subduction earthquake.

Palabras clave : geogrid; reinforced soil wall; static and seismic stability; internal and external stability.

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