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Revista interamericana de ambiente y turismo

Print version ISSN 0717-6651On-line version ISSN 0718-235X

Abstract

GUTIERREZ VEGA, Cecilia. Assessment of key resilience factors by the local community; the case of tourist destinations affected by natural disasters in Chile1. Rev. interam. ambient. tur. [online]. 2020, vol.16, n.2, pp.153-163. ISSN 0717-6651.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-235X2020000200153.

The article is based on the work carried out to evaluate the perception of the representative actors of the local community, about the key factors of resilience in destinations affected by natural disasters. From that perception, guidelines are set to be promoted for better preparation for adversity. The main objective is to define the degree of development of the relevant recovery factors in tourist destinations affected by natural disasters (the case of the 2010 earthquake and tsunami in Pichilemu, Licantén and Cobquecura destinations, central Chile). With this information, bases are set to strengthen those decisive aspects of resilience capacity in the face of other types of crises and disasters in tourist destinations. Through a descrip tive study, that included the application of perception surveys with stakeholders in the territory, pertinent information was collected to determine the level at which the conditions of each destination are perceived, related to the key factors of tourist resilience of the territory. As general results, significant differences are observed in the valuation that the relevant actors have, in the three locations under study, with Pichilemu being the destination with the best perceived levels of their resilience capacities and therefore, where a faster and more complete recovery will occur. It is stated that the social capital component (included in the connections factor) of a territory affected by crises and natural disasters, is one of the key elements perceived by the actors in the recovery of destinations. This component is fundamental to strengthen the territories for sustainable tourism development, with the responsibility of the government actors, as well as the tourism entrepreneurs and members of the locally organized community in general.

Keywords : resilience; tourism; natural disasters; community perception.

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