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Magallania (Punta Arenas)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-2244

Resumen

ONETTO PAVEZ, Mauricio. Moro's Utopia and the Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego, A possible equivalence?. Magallania [online]. 2015, vol.43, n.1, pp.37-51. ISSN 0718-2244.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-22442015000100003.

Thomas Morus' Utopia was published in 1516. Since then, research about this work has mainly focused on its political, social and economic significance. However, there has been little reflection on the real dimensions that encouraged Morus to create this piece of writing and on the geography that inspired him to bring the Utopia Island to life. Our study intends to shed light on the relationship between Morus's work and the landscapes that inspired him. For this purpose, we will analyze the great influence that Americo Vespucio's writings had over Morus' thought. We focus, more specifically, on those pieces penned by Vespucio during his trips to the far south of the American continent. One of the hypotheses we will attempt to prove is that Morus read the navigator's letters, where it is stated that Vespucio went beyond the 52nd-53rd latitude south. Morus would have used Vespucio's letter as a reference to describe and define the geography of Utopia Island. In other words, we suggest that there are certain geographical equivalences between the imagined island and the shape of Tierra del Fuego Island and its surroundings. By the same token, we are interested in exploring possible connections which may have been established between the imaginaries and sensibilities stemming from Morus' text and those which circulated in the Chilean territory during the 16th century.

Palabras clave : Island; Utopia; Tierra del Fuego; Thomas More; Amerigo Vespucci.

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