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Magallania (Punta Arenas)

On-line version ISSN 0718-2244


BANEGAS, Anahi; GOMEZ OTERO, Julieta; GOYE, Soledad  and  RATTO, Norma. Late holocene weapon lithic heads from South Patagonia: designs and function. Magallania [online]. 2014, vol.42, n.2, pp.155-174. ISSN 0718-2244.

Since the early settlement circa 11.000 AP to the Historical Period, aboriginal hunter-gatherers from Southern Patagonia used different weapons with lithic heads which size and design changed through time. In this work we present and discuss the results of the functional attribution of 47 points of the area studied over the basis of a model proposed by Norma Ratto. The results indicate that different weapon systems were used in the late Holocene: thrusting spears, thrown spears, and bows and arrows. The last two systems have been implemented simultaneously in the last 900 years. The Period IV type point was used for the three kind of weapon. This suggests mechanisms of maintenance and transmission of a successful design that was formally adapting to the different technical systems and hunting strategies through time.

Keywords : lithic points; Late Holocene; Southern Patagonia; designs; function.

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