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Ultima década

versão On-line ISSN 0718-2236

Resumo

REYES GONZALEZ, Carlos  e  DURAN MARTINEZ, Felipe. Neoliberalism and discourse: a socio-critical reading of the social reintegration policy for young law offenders in Chile. Ultima décad. [online]. 2018, vol.26, n.49, pp.128-147. ISSN 0718-2236.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-22362018000200128.

The present article is an extract of a Critical Documentary research (Hochman and Montero, 2005) performed to the total of the technical guidance documents implemented by the National Service of Minors (SENAME) to carry out the mandates of Adolescent Juvenile Criminal Liability Law (LRPA 20.084) in Chile. The value of this analysis is provided by the guiding nature of the documents analyzed, stating the general guidelines to be followed by youth social reintegration programs, both for their execution and for their adjudication (bidding).

The method of study for this research was a critical hermeneutic analysis (Fairclough, 2003) since it is sought to establish a relationship between the discursive elements to be studied and the social and political phenomena in which they are inserted. The Chilean socio-political context is characterized in terms of what Garretón (2012) defines as a "corrected neoliberalism", presenting certain features of a neoliberal system. Foucauldian concepts of power were incorporated into the analysis to explain the essential attributes of this type of government (Foucault, 2007).

The article concludes by confirming the general research hypothesis, by stating that intervention policies in penal reintegration of adolescents in Chile are devices of power that seek, either veiled or explicitly, to maintain and reproduce the neoliberal model as the dominant governmental regime of life by means of social discipline of the youth population in question.

Palavras-chave : Neoliberalism; Governmentality; Device; Homo economicus; Sename; Youth; Public policies.

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