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Psykhe (Santiago)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-2228

Resumen

ROSAS, Ricardo et al. Chilean Standardization of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fifth Edition. Psykhe [online]. 2022, vol.31, n.1, pp.1-23. ISSN 0718-2228.  http://dx.doi.org/10.7764/psykhe.2020.21793.

The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children - Fifth Edition is the most recent update to this scale, launched originally in 2014 in the United Stated. WISC-V includes several improvements from previous versions, such as an updated factorial structure that includes more indexes, new process scores and new procedures for norming. These improvements are particularly relevant in the Chilean context, since the previous version available in the country was the WISC-IIIv.ch, whose factorial structure dates from 1991, although it was standardized for Chilean population in 2007. This article presents the standardization process for the WISC-V, which includes the translation, adaptation and norming procedures for the Chilean population. It includes evidence for reliability and validity, and also results for various special groups samples, such as intellectual disability (24), attentional deficit disorder with hyperactivity (27), autism spectrum disorder (26), specific language disorder (56) and rural population (47). The Chilean data shows excellent reliability results and an excellent adjustment to the factorial model used in the North American version. This research provides evidence for convergent validity between WISC-V and other versions of these scales, such as the WAIS-IV and the WISC-IIIv.ch. Finally, we perform a comparison between private, voucher and public schools using this scale and a comparison between male and female performance in this scale. The main finding of this research is that the Chilean standardization of the WISC-V has excellent psychometric properties that allow recommending the use of this instrument in the country.

Palabras clave : assessment; intelligence; standardization; WISC-V; Chile.

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