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Psykhe (Santiago)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-2228

Resumen

CARMIOL, Ana M.; PEREZ SANCHEZ, Rolando; MATA CALDERON, Adriana  y  MOLINA MESEN, Isabel. Parental Scaffolding During Television Co-Viewing in Costa Rican Mothers and Their Preschoolers. Psykhe [online]. 2022, vol.31, n.1, pp.1-19. ISSN 0718-2228.  http://dx.doi.org/10.7764/psykhe.2019.21703.

Different perspectives about the impact of early exposure to communication and information technologies are currently available in the literature. However, little is known about the use of these technologies among children. This article describes how Costa Rican preschoolers watch television. Study 1 specifies the context in which children watch television at home. A survey was applied to 285 families with children between 2 and 8 years old (M = 5 years and 2 months, SD = 12.75 months) using convenience sampling. Questionnaires were distributed through social networks and in four preschools. Results indicated that children watch television in the company of their parents, who reported talking about the contents of the televised programs with their children. Based on these results, the aim of Study 2 was to characterize the parental scaffolding provided during television co-viewing. Using convenience sampling, video recordings of 17 mother-child dyads (M = 3 years and 9 months, SD = 6.45 months) watching a child television program were completed. Videotape analyses indicated that mothers talked to children while watching the program. These conversations mostly described program's content, mainly using labeling and description of actions, followed by evaluations of the program's content and connections between the content and the child's personal experiences. The use of predictions and inferences about the content of the program was scarce. Taken together, these results inform the development of future studies aimed at evaluating the potential of co-viewing to promote child development.

Palabras clave : parental scaffolding; child development; television; ICT; co-viewing.

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