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Psykhe (Santiago)

On-line version ISSN 0718-2228

Abstract

CASTILLO, Juan Carlos  and  RIVERA-GUTIERREZ, Mauricio. Common Dimensions for Poverty and Wealth Attributions. Psykhe [online]. 2018, vol.27, n.2, pp.1-10. ISSN 0718-2228.  http://dx.doi.org/10.7764/psykhe.27.2.1152.

The theory of attributions has long been used to study people's explanations for the origin of poverty. Nevertheless, research on the perceived causes of wealth has thus far been sidelined and isolated from the study of poverty attributions. This article focuses on the relationship between poverty and wealth attributions from a latent variable measurement perspective. To examine this relationship, two basic attribution types were considered: internal (based on individual behavior) and external (based on socio-structural determinants). Answers to a 10indicator scale from the Social Justice and Citizenship Participation survey were analyzed. The instrument was administered to a stratified cluster probability sample in Chile in 2013 (N = 1245). Based on prior evidence, a confirmatory factor model of internal and external poverty and wealth attributions was estimated (four factors). Based on it, a second-order two-factor model was estimated, one of internal and another of external attributions. For the first time results yield evidence of common attributions for poverty and wealth.

Keywords : poverty attributions; wealth attributions; internal attributions; external attributions; confirmatory factor analysis.

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