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Psykhe (Santiago)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-2228

Resumen

DE-LA-PARRA, Guillermo et al. Personality Structure in Patients with Depression: Adaptation of an Instrument and Preliminary Results. Psykhe [online]. 2018, vol.27, n.2, pp.1-20. ISSN 0718-2228.  http://dx.doi.org/10.7764/psykhe.27.2.1133.

Personality functioning may be a vulnerability factor for the development of depressive disorders and will influence how these are expressed in each patient. Diagnosing the structural capacities and vulnerabilities of a patient's personality will facilitate the planning of therapy. This article introduces the Operationalized Psychodynamic Diagnosis Structure Questionnaire (OPD-SQ), a personality structure assessment instrument, covering its theoretical background, its translation into Spanish, and its adaptation process. Preliminary results of its administration to convenience samples are presented (clinical sample: 192 patients diagnosed with depression; nonclinical sample: 112 students and administrative staff from a university in Santiago, Chile). High internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) was found for the OPD-SQ and its subscales, except for the Attachment to External Objects scale. Differences were observed between the scores of the clinical and nonclinical samples (Welch's t-test), as well as direct and high Pearson's correlations coefficients between OPD-SQ and depressive symptomatology and psychological distress levels. The results presented lay the groundwork for future studies aimed at contributing to the validation of the OPD-SQ for use in clinical and research settings.

Palabras clave : personality structure; depression; self-report; instrument adaptation.

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