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Psykhe (Santiago)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-2228

Resumen

MORALES, Susana et al. Suicidal Ideation and Attempt in Mental Health Patients: Depressive Styles, Interpersonal Discomfort, and Family Satisfaction. Psykhe [online]. 2017, vol.26, n.1, pp.1-14. ISSN 0718-2228.  http://dx.doi.org/10.7764/psykhe.26.1.939.

The relationship between depressive experience style, family satisfaction, discomfort in interpersonal relationships, and suicidal behavior was studied in a purposive sample of 405 mental health patients in the Metropolitan Region of Chile. They were classified into high severity suicide attempt, low severity suicide attempt, suicidal ideation, and no suicidal behavior. The instruments used were: DEQ, OQ-45.2, APGAR, RFL, Risk-Rescue Rating Scale, and Suicidal Intent Scale. ANOVA, ?2, and models of mediation and moderation of conditional processes were conducted. The high severity suicide attempt group showed a significant predominance of the dependent style compared with the group without suicidal behavior. There was a high presence of the self-critical style throughout the sample, especially in the suicidal ideation group. The groups with suicide risk had higher dysfunctional rates of interpersonal discomfort and a greater perception of severe family dysfunction than the group without suicidal behavior. Satisfaction with family functioning was observed to influence the intention to die at the time of the suicide attempt. These results underscore the importance of family functioning and interpersonal relationships in suicide risk.

Palabras clave : suicide; family relations; interpersonal relations; depressive disorder; suicide risk.

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