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Psykhe (Santiago)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-2228

Resumen

MIRANDA, Ángela; OLHABERRY, Marcia  y  MORALES-REYES, Irma. Group Intervention in Pregnant Women: Differential Responses According to Type of Depression and Attachment Patterns. Psykhe [online]. 2017, vol.26, n.1, pp.1-17. ISSN 0718-2228.  http://dx.doi.org/10.7764/psykhe.26.1.916.

Given the high prevalence of depressive disorders in pregnant women, this study described and analyzed the variability observed in the results of a group psychoeducational intervention. In order to do this, the types of depression (DEQ) proposed by Blatt (2004) and their association with maternal attachment pattern (ECR-S) were considered, analyzing the participants' response to the intervention in terms of depressive symptoms (BDI) and maternal sensitivity (CARE-Index). A quasi-experimental (experimental and control groups), longitudinal, descriptive, and comparative design was used to examine a purposive sample of 112 pregnant women with depressive symptomatology, treated in 5 public health centers in Santiago, Chile. After the analysis of variance, the results showed that the group intervention was effective in reducing depressive symptoms and promoting appropriate levels of maternal sensitivity. However, symptoms in participants with introjective depression did not decrease after the intervention, although adequate levels of maternal sensitivity were observed. Results highlight the importance of providing alternatives other than group treatment in cases of depression during pregnancy, taking individual aspects into account. Studies with larger samples are needed to confirm these findings.

Palabras clave : pregnancy; depression; group intervention; maternal sensitivity; attachment pattern.

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