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Psykhe (Santiago)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-2228

Resumen

GARIBOLDI, María Belén  y  SALSA, Analía Marcela. Influence of the Quantity and Name of Graphic Units on Early Recognition and Differentiation Between Drawing, Writing, and Numerals. Psykhe [online]. 2016, vol.25, n.2, pp.1-15. ISSN 0718-2228.  http://dx.doi.org/10.7764/psykhe.25.2.813.

This study investigated the influence of the quantity and name of graphic units on the recognition and differentiation between drawing, writing, and numerals in 2-, 3- and 4-year-old children. Ninety children from 4 preschools in Rosario, Argentina, recruited using convenience sampling, were assigned to 2 conditions in order to solve a card classification task: an experimental condition with one drawing, words with 3 different letters, and one-digit numerals, and a control condition with 3 different graphic units in each representation. Variance analyses and Student's t test show that children were able to discriminate drawing from writing and numerals at 2 years, achieving better performance in the experimental condition. Three-year-olds may be acquiring the distinction between arbitrary systems: they recognized writing and one-digit numerals, but also chose numerals instead of letters and vice versa. At 4 years of age, the differentiation between systems was clear and was not associated with knowledge of the names of the units of the arbitrary systems.

Palabras clave : drawing; writing; numerals; differentiation.

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