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Psykhe (Santiago)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-2228

Resumen

SISTO, Vicente. Challenged Identities: Individualization, Managerialism, and Teaching Work in Chile Today. Psykhe [online]. 2012, vol.21, n.2, pp.35-46. ISSN 0718-2228.

The current labor transformations have been linked to profound changes in social identities, which are thought to be moving towards extreme individualization. However, these changes are not linear. This article reports on the transformation of teaching work in the context of the implementation in Chile of a performance evaluation and incentives policy. This policy is installing new reference points based on technical competence, accountability, standards, results and individual entrepreneurship, thus questioning teachers' identities. The signification that they give to the implementation of this policy is analyzed. Interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of 60 teachers of the Metropolitan and Valparaiso regions, which were analyzed through discourse analysis of narrative identities. The main narrative used by teachers denotes a subjective and misguided policy, in contrast with which they propose a version of teaching work that hybridizes elements of historically constructed identities of the teaching profession with other narratives typical of the new generations. This shows that the ongoing identity transformations operate in a much more heterogeneous way.

Palabras clave : individualization; work; narrative; managerialism; identity.

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