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Psykhe (Santiago)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-2228

Resumen

COVA, Félix; MAGANTO, Carmen  y  MELIPILLAN, Roberto. Gender, Family Adversity and Emotional Symptoms in Preadolescents. Psykhe [online]. 2005, vol.14, n.1, pp.227-232. ISSN 0718-2228.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-22282005000100017.

This research evaluated both the existence of pre-teenager gender differences under emotional problems and the existence of a differential vulnerability in girls showing these symptoms in an adverse family environment. A sample of 133 boys and girls, aged 11 to 13, was randomly selected from high social risk schools from Concepción, Chile. The emotional disorders were evaluated by means of surveys to the mother (Child Behavior Checklist, CBCL) and to the teacher (Teacher Report Forms, TRF) and also taking into account three self-report instruments (Youth Self Report, YRS; Cuestionario de Depresión Infantil, CDI; Cuestionario de Ansiedad-Rasgo, STAIC/R). Family adversity indicators presence was evaluated by means of a World Health Organization semi-structured interview to the mother. When considering self report, it was observed that girls report experiencing more emotional distress and depressive symptomatology than boys. Besides, girls who live in an adverse family environment significantly increase internalized behavior manifestations compared to boys under similar conditions. This indicates the existence of more vulnerability in girls to show emotional symptomatology in a negative family environment.

Palabras clave : pre-teenagers; emotional problems; family; gender.

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