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Maderas. Ciencia y tecnología

versão On-line ISSN 0718-221X

Resumo

DE PERES, Matheus Lemos; DELUCIS, Rafael de Avila; BELTRAME, Rafael  e  GATTO, Darci Alberto. Hydrothermal treatments to promote surface inactivation and increased flexibility in three hardwoods. Maderas, Cienc. tecnol. [online]. 2020, vol.22, n.4, pp.439-446. ISSN 0718-221X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-221X2020005000402.

In the present study, three juvenile hardwoods (namely sycamore, pecan and london plane) were treated by boiling, steaming and microwave. Trees from Platanus x acerifolia (sycamore), Carya illinoinensis (pecan) and Luehea divaricata (london plane) were selected in homogeneous forests located in southern Brazil. Each hydrothermal treatment was performed for 60 min. In general, the hydrothermal treatments caused a certain surface inactivation effect, which was marked by decreased surface roughness, increased hydrophobic character and darkened colour patterns. Also, both decreased stiffness and strength, as well as increased deflectibility were obtained. These mechanisms were attributed to degradation in fine segments from amorphous polysaccharides, leaching of some organic extractives and fragmentation of lignin, as indirectly indicated by infrared spectra.

Palavras-chave : Boiling; london plane; microwave; pecan; steaming; sycamore..

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