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Maderas. Ciencia y tecnología

versión On-line ISSN 0718-221X

Resumen

ROZAS, Carlos; SANCHEZ, Reinaldo  y  PINEDO, Paula. Drying of Eucalyptus nitens and Eucalyptus globulus for Block, Furniture and Flooring. Maderas, Cienc. tecnol. [online]. 2005, vol.7, n.2, pp.109-120. ISSN 0718-221X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-221X2005000200005.

Drying tests on both Eucalyptus nitens and globulus radial and tangential timber were carried out at Universidad del Bío-Bío Laboratories, under the approach of the D98I1018 FONDEF Project to be later validated at an industrial scale. A 30 mm-thick, 1.8 meter-long and random with scantling was used at a laboratory level, while the one applied at industrial level showed 32 mm of thickness, the lengths of which ranging from 2.1 to 2.8 meters, and variable widths. As general rule, mild drying programs were used, at temperatures not higher than 50°C, and having low drying potential. In turn, such programs included steaming based treatment with the purpose of overcoming collapse and reduce drying tensile. The following was assessed: initial and final moisture content, basic density, moisture gradients, checks, shrinkage, tensile and warpage, to finally specify their utilization in flooring, blocks and furniture. Outcomes have shown that Eucalyptus nitens timber features a high surface evaporation, thus generating high moisture gradients, early shrinkage at surface level, along with below P.S.F. drying related tensile, which, in turn, brings about surface and internal checks. When collapse turns to be severe, and because of timber cell wall mechanical strength, both surface and internal checks show up. A better utilization was achieved for radial timber, where Eucalyptus globulus values ranged from 52 to 81% in the case of blocks, form 58 to 91% with respect to flooring, and between 38 and 89% in the case of furniture. Eucalyptus globulus figures ranged from 60 to 71% for blocks, from 59 to 61% for flooring, and between 52 and 63% in the case of furniture. Losses caused by knots in Eucalyptus globulus ranged from 3 to 22% in the case of radial timber, while the tangential one featured a 5 to 24% variation. On the other hand, Eucalyptus nitens timber showed variations from 12 to 19%, and from 15 to 34% for the above mentioned cuts. Check related losses in Eucalyptus globulus ranged from 3 to 10% in the case of radial timber, while tangential wood showed a 15 to 21% variation. Eucalyptus nitens featured variations from 3 to 13% and between 5 and 38%. Out of the above we may conclude that radial cut timber turns out to be the best option when being used in such applications

Palabras clave : Drying; eucalyptus; drying quality; utilization; evaluation.

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