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Revista de biología marina y oceanografía

On-line version ISSN 0718-1957


REYNA-GONZALEZ, Pedro César; ROMERO-HERNANDEZ, Elizabeth  and  LORENZO-ROSAS, Juan Andrés. Spatial behavior of artisanal fishing in Veracruz coast, Mexico. Rev. biol. mar. oceanogr. [online]. 2019, vol.54, n.2, pp.180-193.  Epub Aug 19, 2019. ISSN 0718-1957.

Artisanal fishing requires the generation of knowledge to support decision-making in the management of fisheries resources in order to achieve its sustainable use. In this sense, the delimitation of areas of fisheries exploitation has been the subject of several studies and is considered the first step in planning efforts and marine spatial planning, where the use of geographic information systems (GIS) and its application influences understanding of fisheries management. Implementing the spatial analysis, the present investigation provide an initial approach of the artisanal fishing of the ‘escama marina' resource that is carried out in Veracruz coast, Mexico, considering the establishment of fishing zones and settlement of the fishing sites, the localities with the greatest resources stock in the region, the distribution of the human effort as well as the depth and operation of fishing gear. The official commercial fishing permits were reviewed for small vessels and field visits were carried out to identify main fishing cooperatives and, through the use of spatial analysis tools, established a zoning scheme divided into 3 fishing areas. Incorporating local fishermen´ knowledge, we counted a total of 164 fishing sites distributed within depth strata, in which different capture systems are implemented for fishing activity. It was found that there are areas with higher concentration of fishing effort in the coast and possible social conflict zones for the fisheries resources in certain areas, which was possible to identify through the use of spatial analysis. The results of our study could become a useful tool to support the decision-making process for the design of zoning schemes and to define other management strategies for fisheries resources in Veracruz coast.

Keywords : Zoning; small-scale fisheries; fishing gear; fishery conflicts; Veracruz.

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