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Estudios atacameños

versión On-line ISSN 0718-1043

Resumen

CHIAVAZZA, Horacio et al. Early pottery occupations. Technology and subsistence in the piedmont of northern Mendoza (West-central Argentina). Estud. atacam. [online]. 2021, vol.67, 35.  Epub 06-Ene-2022. ISSN 0718-1043.  http://dx.doi.org/10.22199/issn.0718-1043-2021-0036.

The extensive excavations at the Memorial de la Bandera site in the city of Mendoza, central zone of west-central Argentina, has allowed the recovery of evidence of human settlement in the foothills of northern Mendoza province. This area had shown few archaeological references due to extensive urban development. In this work, features and materials are analyzed, in order to understand the characteristics of the occupations and their subsistence in the foothills, their chronology and their development of lithic and ceramic technology. Radiocarbon dating indicates that the site was occupied between ca. 2100 and 1200 years BP, making it one of the earliest recorded in the piedmont of northern Mendoza province. The stability of settlement and possible cultivation is suggested based on the evidence of semi-subterranean houses, combustion traces and plant remains. The early occupation in this environment is related to the incorporation of ceramic technology in the region. Both its location next to an alluvial channel and the characteristic of archaeofaunal and anthracological remains indicate the possible existence of wetlands in the past. The lithic technology and archaeofaunal remains allow discussion about these occupations within the framework of the economic intensification process postulated for the region and the Southern Cone.

Palabras clave : Late Holocen; intensification; semi-subterranean houses; early pottery; cultivated plants.

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