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Revista signos

versão On-line ISSN 0718-0934

Resumo

MENENDEZ, Salvio Martín. Agentivity and discourse. Discursive projection of processes. Rev. signos [online]. 2021, vol.54, n.105, pp.214-235. ISSN 0718-0934.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-09342021000100214.

The objective of this paper is to demonstrate that the grammatical organization of the features that allow characterizing the processes (performed by the lexical bases of the verbs) depends, ultimately, on the strategic organization of discourse. This allows explaining the effective functioning of grammar resources in relation to the strategies of which they are a constitutive part. We hold, then, in principle that there is a potential hierarchical organization of semantic features that appear coded in grammar and a specific text-discursive realization that depends on how that hierarchy is effectively realized in the texts and is part of the resources of the discursive strategies that the discursive subject puts into action when interaction takes place. For that, it is necessary to explain the scope of agentivity of the processes in two co-occurring and complementary planes: grammatical and discursive. Therefore, we postulate a principle of semantic-grammar-based gradualness whose explanation and interpretation depends on its semantic-discursive inscription. Ultimately, the purpose of the statement is to be able to provide an explanation of the use of the process (lexical basis of the verb) as one of the resources that make up the discursive strategies. We will show the effectiveness of our proposal from the analysis of a discursive series composed of newspaper headlines about a specific news.

Palavras-chave : Verb; resource; degree; agentivity; strategy.

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