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Revista signos

versão On-line ISSN 0718-0934

Resumo

IGNATIEVA, Natalia. Ideational and interpersonal analysis of student history texts in Spanish within the systemic framework. Rev. signos [online]. 2021, vol.54, n.105, pp.169-190. ISSN 0718-0934.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-09342021000100169.

This work intends to explore how certain process types in Spanish are related to the expression of appraisal in academic texts, our objective is to analyze verbal transitivity and evaluative aspects of student academic writing on history. Our study draws on Systemic Functional Linguistics and, in particular, on the Appraisal System, which explores evaluative meanings in language, here we shall analyze only one of its subsystems, attitude. The analysis is based on student texts belonging to two genres (question-answer and essay), but to only one discipline (history). Within the ideational analysis we explored three types of processes in academic texts: verbal, mental and relational while within the interpersonal framework we classified the clauses that express appraisal according to the three domains of the attitude system: affect, judgment and appreciation. The preliminary results show certain similarities between the two genres, for example, the prevalence of relational processes and the dominance of appreciation as the preferred means of expressing attitude. However, some differences were also found, for example, in the essays the percentage of clauses with negative evaluation grows considerably, and so does the number of clauses expressing judgment. These and other findings will be presented within a small discussion about the interaction of ideational and interpersonal meanings and, consequently, about the lexicogrammatical and semantic-discursive aspects of academic texts.

Palavras-chave : Transitivity; Appraisal; Attitude; process; clause.

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