SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.51 número98La percepción de la utilidad de estrategias cognitivas según varones y mujeres aprendices de español: Un estudio empírico internacionalAnálisis del rol de apoyo de los docentes de lengua inglesa a partir de cuatro categorías de intervención en conversaciones temáticas breves índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados

Journal

Artigo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

  • Em processo de indexaçãoCitado por Google
  • Não possue artigos similaresSimilares em SciELO
  • Em processo de indexaçãoSimilares em Google

Compartilhar


Revista signos

versão On-line ISSN 0718-0934

Resumo

GIL-VALLEJO, Lara; CASTELLON, Irene  e  COLL-FLORIT, Marta. Verb similarity: Comparative analysis between theoretical linguistics and corpus data. Rev. signos [online]. 2018, vol.51, n.98, pp.310-332. ISSN 0718-0934.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-09342018000300310.

The concept of similarity is crucial for fields belonging to cognitive science and linguistics. However, it is a broad notion that can be approached through multiple perspectives. In this work we carry out a comparative analysis on how two of these perspectives articulate similarity between verb senses in Spanish. The first perspective is based on corpus linguistics, specifically on semantic roles annotated on a Spanish corpus, as representation of argument structure associated to verb senses. The second perspective belongs to the field of theoretical linguistics and is embodied by the constructions that a verb instantiates. With such comparison we aim to investigate whether argument structure obtained from corpus, which reflects the expression of an event, configures verb similarity in a manner congruent with the way in which constructions do it, which are argued to contain argument structure too and to constitute key elements in the generation of sentence meaning. The results of the comparison show that there is a significant correlation between the similarity formalization of both perspectives, particularly when we take into account syntactic and pattern information from corpus. Additionally, the results attribute particular importance to the aspectual opposition of stativity-dynamicity as the backbone of the similarity-dissimilarity axis for constructions.

Palavras-chave : Verb similarity; argument structure; constructions; semantic roles; events.

        · resumo em Espanhol     · texto em Espanhol     · Espanhol ( pdf )