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Revista signos

versão On-line ISSN 0718-0934

Resumo

DUARTE, Mercedes. Strategic functions of metaphor networks on political discourse: An Hugo Chavez interactional discourse analysis. Rev. signos [online]. 2016, vol.49, n.90, pp.24-47. ISSN 0718-0934.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-09342016000100002.

Cognitive metaphor networks are a pragmatic discourse resource widely used in the political realm, as inferred from the studies by Chumaceiro (2004), Adrián (2009, 2010) and Duarte (2011, 2013). Duarte (2013) explains metaphor networks in political discourse, but he does not discuss its functions. Therefore, the aim of this article is to describe cognitive metaphor network functions involving the word ‘socialism’ in president Hugo Chavez’s discourse. For this purpose, a mixed theoretical framework was considered. This framework was shaped by (1) cognitive linguistics (Lakoff & Johnson, 2007) in order to facilitate initial metaphor recognition; (2) Halliday & Hasan (1976), McCarthy (1990) and Systemic Functional Linguistics by Halliday (1994) for metaphor networks and function detection; and (3) Interactional Discourse Analysis (Bolívar, 2007) to integrate cognitive and linguistic approaches in the analysis. The corpus consisted of four broadcasts of the television program Aló Presidente in 2005, and the procedure was as follows: simple metaphors were identified initially; then, metaphor networks recognition was carried out. It was possible to identify three functions of networks: representational, interpersonal, and metadiscoursive functions. It is concluded that the three functions are concurrent and coordinated with each other and serve communicative purposes that are identifiable with the speaker.

Palavras-chave : Strategy functions; metaphor networks; political discourse; Interactional Discourse Analysis.

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