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Revista signos

versión On-line ISSN 0718-0934

Resumen

MAKUC SIERRALTA, Margarita  y  LARRANAGA RUBIO, Elisa. Implicit theories about reading comprehension: Exploratory study in university students. Rev. signos [online]. 2015, vol.48, n.87, pp.29-53. ISSN 0718-0934.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-09342015000100002.

This article presents the results of the first stage of a study intended to develop a reading profile of university students. We propose to recognize implicit theories based on text comprehension that predominate when students enter the university. It seems relevant to us to establish the prevailing theories text to the area of knowledge and how the student activates certain theories as stated by the types students face in the academic context. Based on the assumption that the explicitation of knowledge is a gradual process through representational redescription, which includes three levels (recognition, declarative and procedural) (Karmiloff-Smith, 1997). This study focuses on the declarative level which is elicited by means of the Implicit Theory Questionnaire. The results of the study allow to observe the predominance of the Linear Theory in the four groups students demonstrates that students have constructed in their experience a conception of reading focused on the faithful reproduction of contents, where the role of the reader consists of locating information and transferring it to the memory favouring the text as the main source of meaning. On the other hand, differences that allow for the connection between the implicit theories and specific discursive communities are also presented.

Palabras clave : Implicit theories; textual understanding Linear Theory; Interactive Theory; Literary Theory.

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