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Revista signos

versión On-line ISSN 0718-0934


SAN MARTIN, Abelardo  y  GUERRERO, Silvana. A sociolinguistic approach of the reported speech use in the PRESEEA corpus of Santiago, Chile. Rev. signos [online]. 2013, vol.46, n.82, pp.258-282. ISSN 0718-0934.

This article analyzes the reported speech use in Santiago de Chile from a sociolinguistic point of view. For this purpose, we studied the discursive sequences in which they are used in 54 interviews that form part of the Sociolinguistic Corpus PRESEEA in Santiago, Chile. Studies on the polyphony of language (Ducrot, 1986; Reyes, 1993) and sociolinguistic analysis of discourse (Silva-Corvalán, 2001; Serrano, 2006) were consulted for the conceptual framework of this research. On the one hand, the analysis considers the reported speech as a sociolinguistic variable case, in a broad sense of the concept, with two values or general forms: direct speech and indirect speech, and with different subtypes or specific variations according to different levels or degrees of reformulation and detachment of the subjects from the utterance. Consequently, socio-demographic factors of subjects were correlated with the use of these variants, which were shown to have a relative impact on their employment. On the other hand, as internal variable we analyzed the type of discourse in which the sequence general variants of reported speech appeared more frequently, confirming the predominant use of that resource in the narratives, but their participation as part of the repertoire of argumentative subjects is also important. Finally, it was found that women tend to use more frequently direct speech as a pragmatic strategy by which they intend to add, in form of ‘mini-dramas’, theatricality to their narratives.

Palabras clave : Sociolinguistic; discourse analysis; discursive variation; Chilean Spanish; reported speech.

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